Adiyaman is one of the oldest known settlements in history. Adıyaman palanlı cave in the investigations of the history of the City M.He. It is understood to date back 40,000 years.
Adiyaman, which was in an accident position due to Malatya, was separated from Malatya by law No. 6418 on December 1, 1954, and became a detached province until the foundation of the Republic in 1954.
The center of Adıyaman province is located within the Middle Euphrates Department. Çelikhan and Gerger in the north are part of the Eastern Anatolia region, Gölbaşı and Besni in the West are part of the Mediterranean region.
The northern part of Adiyaman is surrounded by the Malatya mountains, an extension of the Taurus Mountains. Most of the lands of Çelikhan, Gerger and Tut districts are mountainous. The major mountains of the province; lowland lands begin as they descend to the south. The Euphrates River, which forms the provincial border with Şanlıurfa and Diyarbakır, is the lifeblood of the province. Gölbaşı, Inekli, Azaplı Abdulharap Lakes are natural lakes of Adiyaman. Atatürk Dam Lake, which was formed by the construction of Atatürk Dam, is almost Maritime for Adiyaman.
Since Adiyaman has a continental climate, summers are hot and dry, winters are rainy and cold.
Adiyaman is one of the most ancient settlements in our country and in the world.
There are many artifacts belonging to the communities that lived in the area BC and later. Adiyaman has been taken over by Hittites, Persians, Macedonians, Commagene Kingdom, Rome, Byzantium, Umayyads, Abbasids, Anatolian Seljuks, Mongols and Mamluks throughout history.
In the Middle Ages, the Byzantines, Umayyads, Abbasids, Anadolu Selcuklu and Dulkadirogululları ruled in Adıyaman in turn.
Finally, during the Ottoman Empire, Y. It was taken by Sultan Selim in 1516.
Adiyaman was a district of Malatya when the Independent Republic of Turkey was established and gained provincial status on 1 December 1954.
The name of the city ‘Adiyaman’ is thought to come from the changing of the meanings of ‘seven Yaman’, ‘Vadi-i Leman’ (beautiful valley) over time.
We mentioned that agriculture and animal husbandry are the main sources of livelihood in Adıyaman. More viticulture in the region is noted as a famous activity. The total yield of 25 different grape types is provided in Adiyaman.
PLACES TO VISIT IN ADIYAMAN
Adiyaman’s world-known peak, Mount Nemrut, is located in Kahta district and has a height of 2150 meters. The site was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 and features a mausoleum and sculptures on its slopes.
King of Commagene I, who ruled Adıyaman and its environs The magnificent giant sculptures commissioned by Antiochos have a height ranging from 8 to 10 meters and are made of blocks of limestone. As it is considered sacred, the sculptures, especially on the eastern terrace of the mountain, contain important information about the beliefs of the period and their development in the art of sculpture. Although it has not survived to the present day, I. The mausoleum built in Antiochos ‘ name is thought to be in the same area.
You can reach the region with many tours of Mount Nemrut organized from the city center of Adiyaman. The journey to Nemrut, one of the few spots where the sunrise and sunset are viewed most beautifully in our country, will take on a mystical atmosphere and will hold its place in your memory for a very long time.
Perre Antique City
The ancient city of Perre, one of the few most important cities in the Kingdom of Commagene and known today as “Pirin”, also has many historical monuments from the Hellenistic period to the early Roman period. Located 5 km north of Adiyaman, this historical city contains more than 200 tombs. The characteristic of these tombs is that they were carved into the rocks. In addition, the Roman fountain, which is still available, and a portion of the city’s fortifications, which can survive, are waiting for visitors in the ancient city of Perre. The mosaic with an area of 150 square meters, which was unearthed thanks to recent excavations, is also preserved along with the preservation house built on it.
The Cendere Bridge, located between Kahta and Sincik districts and on the Cendere stream, is the oldest arched bridge in the world. The cendere Bridge, which was built by the Romans and also has the title of the second widest-edged bridge, has a length of 120 metres and a width of 7 metres. The bridge, built by superimposing 92 stone blocks weighing 10 tons each, is one of the most valuable pieces of Adiyaman’s historical monuments. The story of the bridge, which had 4 columns at the time of its construction, is also interesting. The Roman Emperor Septimius Severus, who built the two columns on the Kahta side of the bridge for himself and his wife, presents the two columns on the Sincik side to his sons Caracalla and Geta. However, after the emperor dies, Caracalla kills his 5-year-old brother Geta due to a fight for the throne. Unable to get his ambition, he also has the bridge’s column dedicated to Geta demolished. For this reason, 3 columns rise on the Cendere Bridge today.
Arsemia Antique City
The ancient city of Arsemia, located within the boundaries of the Kahta District of Adıyaman, is a ruins located on the Nemrut route. The ancient city of Arsemia, which was the capital of the Commagene civilization at one time, was also called the “Castle”. The city was used for defence purposes and was also used for digging tunnels for religious purposes.
Apart from the historical monuments of Adiyaman, its long-established handicrafts history also attracts the attention of visitors. Kapcami located in the heart of downtown, the historic market oturakci, carpets and rugs, rag doll, saddlebags, and statues of Nimrod, embroidered bedspread or curtains with motifs that can be used as Cherie, Adıyaman is waiting for you to provide the best examples of crafts. Besides souvenirs from Adıyaman, local delicacies such as Pistachio amulet, cut, molasses, Walnut sausage and pestil can also offer sweet surprises to your loved ones.